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Patient Data Points Out Adversities Associated With Edible Cannabis

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A Colorado hospital has revealed that cannabis edibles triggers more cardiovascular symptoms and acute psychiatric events amongst patients of emergency department in comparison to inhaled marijuana. Andrew Monte of the University of Colorado School of Medicine in Aurora reported that inhalable cannabis lead to more overall ED visits whereas edibles caused more ED visits than expectation.

Monte revealed to MedPage Today that the research is “the first study to systematically demonstrate that edible cannabis products are more dangerous than inhaled cannabis.” He further added that, “In this time of cannabis policy liberalization, this can help guide us in educating cannabis users and physicians. It can also help guide us in the development of public health policy to mitigate patient illness.”

Usage Stats

Medical marijuana and recreational cannabis received the green signal of Colorado laws in 2009 and 2014 respectively. However, more cannabis is purchased in flower form for smoking in Colorado. Edible cannabis thus accounts for 0.3% of THC weight in cumulative cannabis product sales.

A survey conducted by the Colorado Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System revealed that 3.6% of users opt for edible products whereas 40.4% smoke cannabis and the remaining use a combination of both. Reports published by focus groups as well as Poison center suggest that consumption of edibles can lead to occurrence of adverse circumstances.

Sample Study

Monte and co-authors carried on a retrospective study wherein they studied 9,973 charts from 2012 to 2016 at the University of Colorado Health ED. They used ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CM codes for measuring the degree of cannabis exposure. 2,567 ED visits out of the same were deemed to be partially attributable to cannabis.

This frequency underwent a constant increase from 2012 to 2016 wherein the total number increased by three times. Amongst the patients, 90% were residents of Colorado.The edibles in totality accounted for 9.3% of total visits. Both the edible cannabis patients as well as the ones who inhaled marijuana belonged to the age group of 30 and were mostly females living outside Colorado.

Associated Ailments

Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms have been pointed out to be the biggest cause of ED visits. Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome is the most popular GI adverse event which also stands out as the biggest cause of hospital admissions. This can be seen occurring twice as much in patients smoking cannabis in comparison to the ones who consumed edibles.

Patients consuming edibles reported acute psychiatric symptoms, intoxication and cardiovascular symptoms in comparison to the patients who inhaled the same. However adverse cardiovascular events such as ventricular dysrhythmia and myocardial infarction could be seen in both the groups.

This data collated by researchers were compared with cannabis product sales in Colorado with the basic assumption that THC content was 20% per kilogram of flower sold for inhalable cannabis and 10 mg of THC for each unit of edible cannabis sold. According to these calculations, THC was sold by 309 times more in flower form in comparison to edible products between 2014 and 2016. About 1,819 University of Colorado Health ED visits were earmarked against inhaled exposure whereas 219 was matched to edible consumption.

The researchers noted that, “If inhalable and edible cannabis were equally toxic and resulted in the same number of ED visits, we would expect that 0.3% of cannabis-attributable visits would be due to use of edible products. The observed proportion of cannabis-attributable visits with edible exposure was about 33 times higher than expected (10.7% vs 0.32%) if both routes of exposure were equally toxic.”

Nora Volkow, the director of National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) pointed out that this increasing number of adversities “is consistent with prior findings, including a 2017 poison control center report in which edible products accounted for 17% of cannabis-related visits to health care facilities among adults.”

According to Ruben Baler, “The slow rate of absorption of orally ingested THC (peak blood levels achieved in 3 hours) compared with inhalable THC (peak blood levels achieved within 30 minutes) makes it harder for users of edible cannabis to titrate the doses required to achieve the desired drug effects.” Volkow and Baler also revealed that, “Further, the slower clearance of oral (12 hours) versus inhalable (4 hours) THC can lead to drug accumulation if users take additional doses when they do not experience the desired effects as quickly as expected.”

Ivan writes about Cannabis at The Cannabis Radar. He has a degree in Nutrition Sciences from University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Centre. He likes to spend his spare time reading to his daughter or spending time with his wife.

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Breakfast with Martin Bester calls noted herb healer Dee Stephens on his show

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Breakfast with Martin Bester calls noted herb healer Dee Stephens

Image Source: www.jacarandafm.com

Medicinal Herbology is slowly becoming a discipline that people are getting to know. Medicinal Herbology by its name implies treatment of various ailments with the help of plant-based study. It focuses on preparing the medicine based on set formulations and botanical knowledge so that it can target the ailment the way it intends to.

Medicinal herbology is the use of natural herbs and botanical wisdom to treat patients inflicted with certain illness. The discipline aims at using fresh plants and extracts from all over the natural surroundings to provide long term and less intrusive medical help for patients in need for it.

Recently, Dee Stephens, a noted herbologist and healer was invited to the Breakfast with Martin Bester show so that she could throw light on herbology and the use of cannabis oil to enrich the treatment procedure.

Breakfast with Martin Bester is a popular FM show that runs every weekday morning from 6.00 am to 9.00 am. The show intends to bring to its listeners fresh content with a fun angle. Stephens was called as a guest speaker for this unique show to discuss everything about Herbology and its benefits. Many people are not aware of the benefits which the treatments have and the intention of calling her on the show was clear enough. She also talked about the medical benefits of cannabis oil.

The show also gave a platform to practitioners like her to clarify people on the various doubts surrounding the discipline.  Apart from this Cannabis too has often been stigmatised by people chiefly due to lack of information.

Cannabis is a part of the Cannabis Sativa family. CBD which is an extract of the hemp plant from the same family has an acceptable and legal limit of 0.3% of THC in it. Marijuana also which hails from the same plant has higher levels of marijuana which are found on the outer portions of the plant. The THC levels in marijuana are way above the legal limit of THC that is allowable as per the law. That is primarily the reason as to why marijuana is not considered as a constituent that is fair in the eyes of law. The regular intake of marijuana results in the person getting addicted especially after smoking week or pot. CBD is a safer element of Cannabis Sativa because its consumption does not result in the person getting high, neither does it result in mind-altering activities. Due to the anti-inflammatory properties of CBD, it is often used in medicines and cosmetics.

Dee clarified on the show that herbal mixtures and cannabis oil are only about making one feel better and not making anyone feel high. This is a huge misconception which needs to be cleared. The more people read about it the clearer their minds will be concerning the mix. She compared herbs to tea and many people are regular tea drinkers. This does not imply that they are addicted to it.

CBD has become a national craze ever since the farm bill of 2018 legalised it under the act. After President Donald Trump gave a green signal to its use, many companies and plantation owners have decided to go with the trend. Many famous Hollywood personalities like Kim Kardashian and Kourtney Kardashian have sworn by the benefits they have received due to intake of CBD.

Different people have different opinions about CBD. Some people want to know more about it before making a decision. Many people who want to use it are not able to due to uneven laws governing across the country. On one hand, several states have allowed for the legal use of CBD, federal laws are yet to give their nod on it. No law allows CBD to be used as a dietary supplement yet. The need for corroborative proof to back it with the use is much required.

Many takers of CBD have experienced a different set of benefits. People use CBD for reasons like stress and to get enough sleep. But, with CBD proving its mettle in the medical field it is also effective in the treatment of seizures, easing of the situation caused due to epilepsy, joint pains especially after surgeries, cancer and Alzheimer’s.

Whatever one uses CBD for, the resultant benefits are worthy to be read about. The Martin Bester show has surely given CBD enthusiasts a chance to present their case about why CBD is the need of the hour for its medicinal values.

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Truck Driver Mike Harris is worried he might lose his job after testing positive for marijuana

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Truck Driver

On one hand, when CBD is increasing its recognition due to its benefits, on the other hand, people are also facing troubles due to regulatory aspects concerning it. Mike Harris and his partner Debbie Martin are a worried lot. They now worry that CBD oil would take away everything they have and will render them jobless. All the while, they have been able to work and able to secure themselves but with the risk lurking around CBD oil, he is fearful of losing his truck.

Mike Harris owns a trailer truck and with it, they have recorded more than three million driving miles. But now his position is getting jeopardised because all the while when he had contracts of carrying hazardous materials but due to a failed drug test, he might just lose his work.

CBD or cannabinol is derived from a hemp plant and made up of two main ingredients called CBD and THC. CBD is indeed the non-psychoactive compound of the plant which implies that ingesting it will not give you any sense of euphoria. But there are different reactions to CBD and it is often compared to marijuana which has higher levels of THC. When the TCH levels are increased it causes mind-altering effects on the mind and results in a change in behaviour. Cannabis Sativa has two main species called hemp and marijuana. Both of them contain CBD but in hemp CBD is found in higher quantity. This is 0.3% THC in the hemp plant which is much higher compared to marijuana.

Both the truck drivers are extremely cagey and guarded because they want to keep their jobs. Harris has been driving a tractor for more than 20 years and he is not the type of who could do drugs. His driver-partner supports me him completely saying that had he been taking drugs, he wouldn’t have been in the job for so long. Over the period, he has undertaken several drug tests and he was not worried when he was asked to take a similar test in July. Till date, he hadn’t failed any drug test but recently when the tests came he had tested positive for marijuana.

Mike Harris has been suffering from sore muscles and knee pain after his surgery. With the help of CBD, he felt a lot of difference in the easing of pain. When Harris decided to take CBD for his pain and condition, his partner driver also asked the dealer if it would pose any problems concerning the drug test. They confidently decided because of lower THC levels in it. The distributors also assured that they will not face the issue because it was not marijuana.

Jason Freidman who is an expert on CBD runs a store called Ohio CBD guy. He believes that people are not fairly educated about CBD and mislead the customer. The dealers fail to educate people that any product containing even the slightest level of CBD in it likes gummies and oils will end up the person having a failed drug test. Harris also told WLWT investigator Todd Dykes that he had taken CBD out of lack of knowledge for his cause. After the results came out, he passed another home drug test and a subsequent scheduled test which he took a week later.

The product that Harris is taking has no mention of THC anywhere in its packaging and that is the reason why they are warning everyone to be cautious about taking CBD products. Martin tells people that any such situation causes a lot of emotional trauma let alone financial losses.

CBD oil is used in several products but ever since hemp became legal under the farm bill, it has truly been a talk of the town. Just about everyone is talking about CBD and new businesses are mushrooming everywhere. People are researching on CBD and its benefits. CBD has had a great impact on the health and well-being of people who are suffering from different problems like seizures, pains, join pains, knee ailments, cancer and even Alzheimer’s. The regulations regarding CBD are currently in a very confusing situation. There are many states which have made it legal to use yet Federal law still hasn’t given CBD the clean chit. Only time will tell whether CBD will become a federally legal product or not.

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Two men producing and selling class B Cannabis jailed

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Two men producing and selling class B Cannabis jailed

Image Source: Caerphilly.observer

On September 10th, two men from Penyrheol were found guilty and sentenced for growing 54 varieties of cannabis plants in May 2018. David Michael Beckett aged 51 and Liam Beckett aged 51 and 23 were found guilty of producing a controlled class B drug. David Michael was sentenced for four years whereas Liam was given four years in jailed custody. The two guilty were also accused of involving in a plot to supply these class B Drug products further after production on profit.

Hemp plant is a part of Cannabis Sativa from which marijuana and Cannabis is set to be derived. While marijuana is found on those parts of the plant that contain a high level of THC and psychoactive elements whereas in the seeds and fibers lower levels of THC and higher levels of CBD is found. CBD unlike marijuana is low on THC and also has anti-inflammatory substance. CBD is also a form of weed but it does not give results like marijuana. The over-addiction of marijuana gives a high whereas CBD does not produce that effect as people believe it to do. In fact CBD has been found to be medically very effective and useful. Due to this many professionals are researching more on the plant to acquire new information on more uses.

Possession and production of class B drugs is strictly prohibited because of its apparent dangers. Drugs are usually put into three categories based on the level of dangers we are exposed to. Different types of drugs affect different types of people in a different manner. That information kept aside drugs usually are considered exceptionally dangerous. The three categories of drugs are Class A that includes heroin, cocaine, ecstasy and LSD. They are extremely dangerous to use and are hazardous. Class B drugs include cannabis (restricted varieties), speed and Ketamine which are also dangerous but not to the extent of Class A. Class C drugs are considered least dangerous yet risky and include drugs like anabolic steroids, GHB and tranquillisers.

The Newport Crown Court presented the case on August 14th. Gwent Police is extremely wary of such crimes and selling them is a major offense. These sellers do it for profit but forget that any exposure that people have to such substances will make them vulnerable and addicted.

A few categories of Cannabis have yet not found acceptability despite legalizing hemp plant in 2018. They were caught growing the restricted varieties of cannabis. Although in recent years people have begun to understand the benefits of CBD people have to understand the difference between what is right and what is not. CBD industry is growing like never before with many industries quick to resort to CBD based ventures. In the medical field too CBD has been touted as the life saver drug that has saved and eased the lives of many people. CBD has been a miraculous drug in treating extreme levels of seizures which had no cure earlier. Apart from this people suffering from depression, anxiety of all forms, cancer and joint pains have benefitted majorly from the CBD drug.

The police who have reportedly tightened their seat belts to condense drug related and other forms of organized crime have pleaded people to refrain from using these class B drugs. They have devastating impacts on the health and well-being and in most of the cases they are irreversible. Such dealings are only harming the local community and people who take it. The police have requested people to be more vigilant and report every single thing they label as suspicious.  They have asked people to be more observant especially about the activities that take place in their local areas. The Police have also told people to divulge even the smallest of details they might possess and not shun it away considering it as minute. They believe every little piece of information can be useful to them for solving a larger crime.

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