CBD is everywhere! From gummy bears and chocolates to tinctures and body lotions, CBD can be easily found in an array of consumer products. You can rub oil on your muscles or snack on a lollipop infused with CBD oil, there’s just so much to do with this one ingredient.
After the Farm Bill legalized hemp in December 2018, companies started selling CBD oil and its products on a large scale making it a big hit in the market. The taboo associated with marijuana and its ill-effects have started fade and people are building their faith in the medical benefits of CBD.
CBD or cannabidiol is a chemical derived from hemp, a cannabis genus plant. CBD can help in eliminating muscle soreness, acute pains, aches, helps in recovering from accidents, injuries, fractures, internal health issues and much more. CBD is also widely prescribed for mental health disorders such as stress, anxiety, insomnia, epilepsy, Tourettes and even Alzheimer’s.
CBD is a non-psychoactive component which makes it suitable for human consumption. People can take CBD oil without the fear of getting “high” or having hallucinations like the ones caused by marijuana. Basically, marijuana consists of a chemical known as tetrahydrocannabinol or THC which is a psychoactive component. Excessive consumption of THC can lead to permanent mental health disorders, physical disorientation, and severe diseases.
The U.S. Government has set the legal limit for THC at 0.3% per unit, above which the product becomes illegal. However, you can buy CBD from standalone stores, local groceries and pharmacies, and even gas stations across the United States.
While claims are often tossed around that CBD can help in a variety of ailments, there’s little research to back up this information. According to Business Insider, there has been recent confusion regarding a CBD product in Maine this year as regulations have not kept pace with the soaring industry that’s expected to be worth $16 billion by 2025.
If you’re planning to buy a CBD product, here are a few things you might want to consider before you buy a tincture or a lotion at a gas station.
CBD has some health benefits, however not many have been proven still. Also, the products that you might see at local shops do not contain enough concentration of pure CBD to show any effect. The director of the Institute for the Study of Cannabis at the University of California, Daniele Piomelli has heard it all about CBD’s benefits and the numerous ways in which it can be consumed.
Daniele says that only a few conditions can be treated with CBD. Two rare and severe forms of epilepsy can be treated with Epidiolex, an oral solution that was approved by the FDA last summer for patients 2 years or older. It is the only CBD product that the FDA has approved so far.
Research has also proven how CBD can aid in treating the symptoms of multiple sclerosis, anxiety, and schizophrenia, but these studies are quite limited. Also, there’s no proof that consuming CBD via drinks or clothes has any effect, Daniele said.
He further said that people have created hype around it and even consider it as a micronutrient or vitamin. The dosage required to produce any significant effects is typically from 500 to 1,000 milligrams, far more than what a cup of coffee or lotion infused with CBD oil contains. Furthermore, he said that to get any relief in anxiety, you’d have to drink half a bottle of CBD tincture.
Currently, the Washington D.C. and 10 states have adopted both recreational and medical marijuana laws, including Maine, where recreational marijuana sales are expected to begin from spring 2020.
The Food and Drug Administration has not yet created a mandate for CBD. However, with the relentlessly growing companies joining the CBD industry, the agency had to intervene. Earlier this year, there was an outcry from hemp farmers when the state had ordered retailers to take down CBD infused edible products from their shelves. This was led by the FDA when the agency said that CBD was not approved food additive under federal law.
Later, an emergency bill was passed in March which allowed the sale of these products in Maine. But the state interpreted that law to allow only Maine-grown hemp in edible products, and no hemp raw goods or CBD labeled ingestible consumables can be brought into Maine, said Jim Britt, a department spokesperson.
Another bill that passed in September this year allows CBD grown outside of Maine to come in the state for other products. Currently, the state consists of 172 hemp growing operations, almost twice the number of 2018 when the Farm Bill was passed.